Gynecology and obstetrics are twin subjects that deal with the female reproductive system. While obstetrics deals with pregnancy and its associated procedures and complications, gynaecology involves treating women who are not pregnant.
Gynecology comprises of both medicine as well as surgical fields. While many of the gynaecological illnesses need hormonal and other pharmacological management, cancers, fibroids etc. require surgical removal. Gynecology & Obstetrics is the medical and surgical specialty that focuses on the research prospectus of reproductive system in females that includes Archives of gynecology and obstetrics, HELLP Syndrome in Pregnancy, Gallbladder disorder in post and pre-pregnancy, Cosmetology in vagina, Vaginal Surgery, Drug Treatment in Gynecologic Oncology, Placenta extract, Consumptive coagulopathy, Allantoic cyst, Adherent placenta, Schiller Duval bodies, Schiller Duval, Perspective chords, Sad chords, Myometrial invasion, Myxoid leiomyosarcoma, Sexual Transmitted Disease, Multiple myomas, Cholinergic toxicity, Cholinergic poisoning, biological, surgical, clinical & medical aspects on Gynecologic oncology, Placenta Extract, Vaginal Melanoma, Myometrial Invasion, Uterovesical, Sad sounding chords,Gynecology, Birth control, Fallopian tubes, Endometriosis, Menstrual cycle, Pregnancy, Hysterectomy, cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Pregnancy Diabetes, Cesarean delivery, Corpus Luteum, Obstetrics, Menopause Symptoms, IUD, Fallopian tube Cancer, Artificial insemination, Midwifery, Abortion pill etc.
Gynecologists use a range of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Some of the procedures that are widely used in gynecology include:-
Hysterectomy or removal of the uterus
Removal of fallopian tubes during surgery
Taking cone biopsies from the inner walls of the uterus if cancer of the womb is suspected
Colposcopy and hysteroscopy, where the insides of the uterus are viewed using endoscope like instruments
Taking biopsy or tissue samples from the cervix, if cancer is suspected
Taking routine Pap smears from the cervix in order to diagnose and detect cervix cancer
Ultrasound examination of the reproductive organs
Laparoscopy or visualizing the inner abdominal organs of the female reproductive system and diagnosis and removal of cysts and infections from the ovaries and fallopian tubes
Removal of uterus fibroids
Diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections
Diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence
Diagnosis problems with menstruation like absence, heavy bleeding, irregular or no-onset of menstruation etc.
Diagnosis and treatment of cancers of cervix, vagina, vulva, uterus or ovary along with a team of physicians and surgeons including an oncologist or cancer specialist.